Professor Maier, what is the future in anti-aging research? Will we continue talking about metformin and rapamycin, caloric restrictions ten years from now? What is on the horizon? Where do you think the breakthroughs are likely to come from? Hopefully, we will not talk about it, but we will do it. So that is my aim as a physician. I am a physician in internal medicine, longevity medicine is part of Internal Medicine. And it's part of general practitioners that they apply it hopefully in the next coming three to five years. That should be feasible in clinical practice. Because we can already detect the biological age. We are very good now at the point that we say, okay, these are valid markers. Dr. Andrea B. Maier, MD. Dr. Anton Titov, MD. Diagnosing is one thing. But there are many clinical trials of anti-aging compounds ongoing, and it's so much attention to the longevity field that we can also intervene. That's very important. You shouldn't forget that we already have a very potent action. It's not a drug. But it's lifestyle interventions, which we do not do well yet. But we know that, for example, increasing physical activity in certain individuals and reducing sedentary behavior is already rejuvenating cells in the body. It already works.
And we know that we can lower the biological age at all stages of life. So hopefully, I will do my best, together with my other colleagues, internal medicine specialists or neurologists, psychiatrists. There's a huge community that is now shaping longevity medicine. We are bringing it into clinical practice, in a very standardized way, being evidence-based. It's affordable. Hopefully, it's affordable for not only the rich people but for the entire population and society, because that's what we need. Dr. Andrea B. Maier, MD. Dr. Anton Titov, MD. Is there anything else in your interests, experience, and wisdom that you could share with our viewers? Absolutely. I would just highlight that.
Aging starts very early. We know that the functional decline is already measurable at the age of your own life and health, please do not wait until you're 40 or 50 when you see that there are major changes in the body. So be aware of changes already at a quite early age. The second thing I would like to highlight is that it's never too late to make changes to your life. Dr. Andrea B. Maier, MD. Dr. Anton Titov, MD. For example, changing lifestyle, we do lots of studies, and did lots of studies in the past, including in nonagenarians, or centenarians, where we have very old individuals. They said, Okay, let me get into a better shape.
I can tell you, for example, about strength training, resistance exercise training, cardiovascular fitness. It helps the body even at higher ages, it is adaptable. You will have great outcomes if you do the right thing. We see aging as a continuum within a life circle. Dr. Andrea B. Maier, MD. Dr. Anton Titov, MD. But it's never too late to make changes and start. This is an optimistic note that should be followed by people irrespective of their age. Thank you very much. Professor Maier, thank you very much for this most useful conversation. It's been very helpful and informative, and we hope to come back to you in the future for more news on longevity research. Thank you so much! Thank you for having me.