What are important trends in cancer treatment today? Why patients should know and follow these best cancer treatment practices? Leading cancer surgeon discusses surgical treatment of cancer. Also I think minimally invasive procedures for rectal cancer treatment will be much more common than they are today. We can already see that minimally invasive surgery for rectal cancer treatment is increasing very rapidly. Now with the new robotic surgery more patients have minimally invasive surgery to treat rectal cancer. Recently a new method of transanal total mesorectal excision of rectal cancer has been launched. This surgery method is now taking over quickly. Dr. Torbjorn Holm, MD (Rectal Cancer surgeon, Professor, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm). In one way treatment of rectal cancer has become more and more complex today. There are so many options and there are so many possibilities in treatment of rectal cancer. We have to tailor the treatment for each individual patient. That means that to deal with patients with rectal cancer you have to be very very well educated. Again, that means that you have to centralize treatment in hospitals with high volumes. Where doctors know how to treat rectal cancer well. This is the future of rectal cancer treatment: high-volume surgical departments, well-educated patients, individualized treatments based on molecular assessments, and then more minimally invasive surgery. That is the summary of future trends in rectal cancer treatment.