Transcript of video
Is a calorie a calorie? Calorie is a Calorie myth is explained by endocrinologist and prominent nutrition expert. Why one calorie burned equals another calorie burned? But why one calorie eaten does not equal another calorie eaten? What is the role of gut bacteria in calorie turnover in human body? Example of almonds. Is a calorie a calorie? Calorie is a Calorie Myth is just that. Calorie is NOT a Calorie when it is eaten. Calorie burned is a calorie burned. Source of calories matters a lot. all calories are not the same. Debunking the calorie myth is easy if you looks where calories come from. To digest 1 calorie of protein you need to burn more energy. Is a calorie a calorie – many ask today? Calorie is a Calorie Myth has to be broken once and for all. That is why counting calories does not matter. It is the source of calories that matters most for health. Calories from fructose create liver fat storage and lead to disease. Fructose leads to insulin increase and pancreas exhaustion. Because calorie is not a calories. It matters where calories come from. Video interview with leading expert in pediatric endocrinology and nutrition. Dr. Anton Titov, MD. Medical second opinion confirms that child obesity diagnosis is correct and complete. Dr. Anton Titov, MD. Medical second opinion also confirms that child obesity is required. Dr. Robert Lustig, MD. We know know that calorie is not just a calorie. Calorie is a Calorie is a Myth. Everyone must understand that. Dr. Anton Titov, MD. Medical second opinion helps to choose the best treatment for child obesity. Get medical second opinion on child obesity and be confident that your treatment is the best. Calorie is a calorie argument. Dr. Robert Lustig, MD. Many people say: “Calorie is just a calorie”. The source of calories does not matter. You have to restrict calories. You have to exercise more. Is calorie just a calorie? Neuroendocrinologist, UCSF. Author, “Fat Chance: The Bitter Truth About Sugar”. A calorie burned is a calorie burned. You can burn your calories when you sleep. Or you can burn your calories during vigorous exercise. ATP is the molecule of chemical energy. Sometimes ATP releases its energy, it releases the same amount of energy for every molecule. It doesn’t matter how we got to the ATP. But when energy is already converted to ATP, a calorie is a calorie. A calorie burned is a calorie burned. This question is important. Is calorie eaten a calorie eaten? Does it matter where the calories came from in terms of where they go? Does the source of calories matter? Dr. Robert Lustig, MD. We have really good data about this. The data clearly shows that a “calorie is not a calorie”. The type of source of calories is important for good nutrition. Where those calories come from determines where they go. It determines what diseases that cause in the meantime. Dr. Anton Titov, MD. I will give you the perfect example. Let’s start with almonds. You eat a 160 calories in almonds. How many calories do you absorb from these almonds? You absorb 130 calories when you eat 160 calories in almonds. Where did the other 30 calories go? There is fiber in almonds. This fiber covers the inside of your intestines like a gel. This gel consists of soluble and insoluble fibers. You can see this white fiber gel on electron microscopy. This gel acts as a secondary barrier. It prevents the absorption of the carbohydrates and fats from the almonds. More of what you ate goes further down the intestine. The intestinal bacteria get almonds. A human consist of 10 trillion cells. But we have 100 trillion bacteria in our intestines. Each of us is really a big bag of bacteria with legs. Those bacteria have to eat something. They have to survive. What do bacteria in your intestines eat? They eat what you eat. The question is how much food do you get versus how much food do bacteria get. When you eat almonds, the bacteria get more food. Because of the fiber in almonds. So, 160 calories get past your lips, but only 130 calories get to your bloodstream. Because a calorie is not a calorie. 160 calories in almonds equals just 130 calories that are absorbed into your body. Another example: protein. You metabolize protein for energy. You then need to remove the amino group from a protein molecule. This costs energy. You have to invest energy first to get energy back from the protein. You have to invest twice the amount of energy when you digest protein compared with carbohydrate. There is less energy required to break down carbohydrates. The same number molecules of energy is released from protein and from carbohydrate. But you need to put twice more energy in when you digest protein. Because a calorie is not a calorie. How about fat? On one side there are omega-3 fatty acids from wild fish and flax seeds. Fish and flax are foods that are healthy for your heart. They have anti-inflammatory and anti-dementia properties. Fish and flax will save your life. On the other side are trans-fats, this will kill you. Trans fats are consumable poison. Because your body cannot digest trans fats. Your bacteria cannot digest trans fats. This is why food industry puts trans fats into food. that food stays longer without bacteria. Trans fats in food increase shelf life. It is a storage in the shop shelf. Trans fats decrease depreciation. Depreciation is accounting term of how fast something becomes obsolete. But if your bacteria cannot digest them, trans-fats line your arteries and your liver. Both omega-3 fatty acids and trans-fat are 9 calories per gram. But one will save your life and another one will kill you. Because calorie is not a calorie. Finally, let’s discuss fructose and glucose. Glucose is the energy of life. Every cell on the planet burns glucose for energy. Glucose is so important that if you don’t consume enough glucose, your body will make it. Maybe you do not consume any glucose. Then your liver will actually turn other molecules into glucose. The body will maintain your blood glucose level. This is how important glucose is for your body. Dr. Robert Lustig, MD. The brain only consumes glucose for energy under normal physiological circumstances. Dr. Robert Lustig, MD. Yes, unless the brain switches to ketones. This takes three to four days of continuous fasting. But under normal physiological conditions your brain needs glucose. But fructose is something else. Not a single biochemical reaction in the body requires dietary fructose. There is no need for dietary fructose. Fructose is not metabolized in your body. Fructose is only metabolized in the liver. There is an excess of fructose in food. Then liver has no other choice. Liver turns fructose into liver fat. Liver fat causes all chronic metabolic diseases that we discussed today. Glucose and fructose are also not the same. But they are both in sugar. Glucose will cause pancreas to secrete more insulin. Just as protein rich foods like almonds are not the same. Just as omega-3 fatty acids and trans fat are not the same. Fructose will make your liver sick. The pancreas has to make even more insulin. Ultimately the pancreas burns out. Pancreas is exhausted by making too much insulin for too long. Then you have a Type 2 diabetes. Dr. Robert Lustig, MD. We have data that shows categorically that sugar causes diabetes. No “ifs, ands, or buts”. Sugar CAUSES diabetes. Dr. Anton Titov, MD., I very much appreciate and applaud what you are doing. Your job is help educate people. My job is to educate people. That is what we are doing here today. Dr. Robert Lustig, MD. We need people to understand that they are in charge. They need to understand that they can take control of their lives, if they choose to. Dr. Anton Titov, MD.’s note: People have to be confident and responsible for their lives. People have to make their own decisions in life. But like in any war, you have to watch what you do. You have to watch where you step. This is a war. It is a war between our wallets and our health. When people understand that, presumably they will choose the correct side to be on. Dr. Robert Lustig, MD. That is important to know. Dr. Robert Lustig, MD,, thank you very much for this very insightful and fascinating conversation. Thank you for outlining what is known in the scientific community. That sugar is highly toxic in the amounts that exceed those in natural environment. Sugar in excess is highly toxic, as any white powder. Dr. Robert Lustig, MD. Just like any other powder. Coca leaves are medicinal, cocaine is a drug of addiction. Opium is medicinal, heroin is a drug of addiction. Pick your white powder. This (sugar) is just the cheap one. Thank you for this conversation. Thank you. Is a calorie a calorie? Calorie is a Calorie Myth. Video interview with Dr. Robert Lustig. Calories from fat, protein, sugar – are they equal in value?